By Terry M. Mays
In 1981 the association of African cohesion (OAU) mandated and fielded the 1st neighborhood peacekeeping operation because the Arab League's venture in Kuwait two decades previous. Battalion-sized contingents from Nigeria, Senegal, and Zaire have been joined by way of smaller observer contingents from different OAU contributors on the way to offer a buffer quarter among the 2 major factions within the Chadian civil war.
Mays opens his research by way of offering an outline of the concept that of peacekeeping. numerous definitions are provided to aid distinguish among a few of the varieties of peace operations. After reading the concept that hegemon, he appears on the methods nearby and subregional hegemons make the most of peacekeeping operations as international coverage instruments as they guard their pursuits. Mays argues that Nigeria, as a West African hegemon, served because the relocating strength in the back of the mandating and fielding of the OAU peacekeeping venture in Chad. instead of being simply humanitarian in nature, Nigeria's motivation incorporated the elimination of French and later Libyan squaddies from a susceptible nation on its border. notwithstanding, Nigeria couldn't practice the duty on my own. France and the USA have been instrumental to boot within the mandating and fielding approach. French and American pursuits stemmed from obstacle over Libyan factors in Chad. Nigeria stored the hassle to mandate the peacekeeping operation alive for 2 years; France proved to be the stimulus at the back of persuading the Chadian executive to simply accept the deployment of OAU peacekeepers and prompting the Senegalese to give a contribution a battalion to the venture; the USA contributed by means of retaining France and Nigeria all in favour of a peacekeeping answer and assisting convince Zaire to hitch the undertaking.
Mays deals the 1st complete exam of the OAU peacekeeping venture and studies the political and armed forces association of the strength in addition to its deployment, redeployment plans, logistics, and operations among the Chadian factions. using an in depth number of assets, together with interviews with members, diplomats, and executive records, he provdies a close exam of each meeting/conference among 1979 and 1981 that mentioned a peacekeeping alternative for Chad. elements of luck in conventional peacekeeping operations are utilized to the OAU venture, and he concludes via reviewing the effect of the 1981-1982 OAU operation on present African peacekeeping tendencies. a useful research for students, scholars, and different researchers concerned with peacekeeping, diplomacy, and African studies.
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Extra info for Africa's First Peacekeeping Operation: The OAU in Chad, 1981-1982
Africa's First Peacekeeping Operation: The OAU in Chad, 1981-1982 by Terry M. Mays